There are extensive social and cultural differences between African Americans, Afro-Caribbeans and African immigrants. Scientists discovered distinctions among the three different ethnic classifications for Black Americans and compared them with whites for all four heart disease risk factors studied: high blood pressure, diabetes, excess weight and smoking. Researchers also accounted for socioeconomic factors and found that African immigrants were more likely than Afro-Caribbeans, African Americans and white Americans to be college educated. Overall, African immigrants had significantly lower risk factors for heart disease risk compared with Black Americans and Afro-Caribbeans. For related coverage, read “Another Reason for African Americans to Quit Smoking Right Now” and “A Majority of African Americans Are Stricken With Hypertension by Age 55.”
Diets that are rich in sugary beverages and trans fatty acids but lack the more healthful components of a Mediterranean diet drive up the risk of death from non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), according to findings presented at The Liver Meeting Digital Experience. Arising from the accumulation of fat in the liver, NAFLD and its more severe form, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), are responsible for a growing proportion of advanced liver disease worldwide. The researchers set out to determine the connection between metabolic and diet-related risk factors and death from liver disease. Globally, there were 184,905 liver-related deaths due to NAFLD in 2017, accounting for 8.6% of liver deaths due to all chronic liver diseases combined. High consumption of trans fats led to an almost 3% rise in such deaths even after adjusting for metabolic risk factors.
Among men who have sex with men, viral suppression plateaued in the years leading up to and including 2018. AIDSVu.org has been providing granular data on viral suppression for years. Kenya has used real-time data to target HIV prevention resources since 2016, according to a Medscape report. Traditional methods of finding communities with low levels of viral suppression rely on person-to-person contact tracing, which can be slow, inefficient and incomplete. These data, the study authors wrote, suggest that existing programs aimed at improving viral suppression should focus messaging and resources within these hot spots.
In China, many watching the events in Washington D.C. immediately made comparisons to the violent occupation of Hong Kong’s legislature in mid-2019. Protests in Hong Kong, a special administrative region of China, began in June 2019 as a series of large-scale, peaceful demonstrations against an extradition bill that critics feared would be used by China as a weapon to silence dissenters. But the Global Times posted a side-by-side comparison of scenes of the Hong Kong protests and Trump protesters inside the Capitol building. Ann Chiang, a pro-Beijing lawmaker in Hong Kong posted a video of the turmoil in Washington D.C. on her Facebook page. The U.S. government has passed several pieces of legislation supporting the protest movement in Hong Kong, and the city has become a political flashpoint between China and the U.S.Get The Brief.
Fewer TV characters are HIV positive. In fact, in the 2020–2021 TV season, out of a total of 773 series regulars, only three characters were living with HIV—and all three were on the same show, FX’s Pose. This marks a “drastic decrease” from the previous year, which included nine characters with HIV, according to new study findings from GLAAD, an advocacy group that focuses on LGBTQ representation in the media. GLAAD’s “Where We Are on TV Report—2020” marks the 25th year the group has analyzed LGBTQ characters on television, including characters living with HIV. The site also offers an analysis by Raina Deerwater, an entertainment research associate at GLAAD, in a separate GLAAD blog post.
For the investigation, researchers looked at sperm epigenetics—the molecular processes that affect gene expression—in 13 men who fathered sons with autism and 13 who had children without the disorder. Researchers identified 805 different DNA methylation regions that could serve as epigenetic biomarkers associated with whether a man might father a child with autism. Researchers tested their theory by trying to pinpoint dads who did or did not reproduce children with autism based solely on their sperm samples. Skinner said further research of the biomarkers could also help scientists trace how epigenetic changes initially happened. “We found out years ago that environmental factors can alter the germline, the sperm or the egg, epigenetics,” Skinner said.
Some commentators have even begun to call for a new American war on terror in response to the Capitol riot, one aimed at President Trump’s more radical supporters on the right. “This might be a slight overstep,” she says, but for members of the mob that stormed the Capitol, President Trump “was that spiritual leader that bin Laden was for Al Qaeda. “When it comes to white supremacy,” she says, “it is a battle to prove that it is also terrorist violence.”The Capitol riot seems likely to change that, at least in the short term. “Constitutional boundaries have to be respected.”In the wake of the Capitol riot, there has been growing pressure on Congress to empower law enforcement in the fight against far-right extremism. The response to the Capitol riot reminds him of what happened after 9/11, at least in the way it forced the nation to recognize a threat and respond to it with force.
Full-dose blood thinners decreased need for life support and improved outcome in hospitalized COVID-19 patientsIn large clinical trial conducted worldwide, full dose anti-coagulation (blood thinner) treatments given to moderately ill patients hospitalized for COVID-19 reduced the requirement of vital organ support—such as the need for ventilation. With large numbers of COVID-19 patients requiring hospitalization, these outcomes could also help reduce the overload on intensive care units around the world. Whether providing increased doses of blood thinners routinely administered to hospitalized patients would be safe and effective was unknown at that time. Moderately ill patients are those not in intensive care and who did not receive organ support such as mechanical ventilation at trial enrollment. However, research questions remain about how to further improve the clinical care of COVID-19 patients.
He added that the government would release all remaining vaccine doses it was holding, after President-elect Joe Biden vowed to do the same when he takes office. Many people who received their first dose soon after the vaccines were authorized in mid-December have now had their second dose. Some experts urged prioritization of older people, who are at much higher risk for severe COVID-19 and death. The CDC’s list of conditions that increase COVID-19 risk includes obesity, smoking, diabetes, cancer, compromised immunity and chronic heart, kidney or lung disease. Can the Second Dose Be Delayed?
Trying to Make Sense of Long COVID SyndromePosted on January 19th, 2021 by Dr. Francis CollinsCredit: NIHMore than 400,000 Americans have now lost their lives to COVID-19. Indeed, new results from the largest global study of this emerging “Long COVID syndrome” highlight just how real and pressing this public health concern really is. A small percentage of respondents, thankfully, seemed to have bounced back from brief bouts of Long COVID, though time will tell whether they have fully recovered. In an earlier survey, this group provided a first-draft description of Long COVID syndrome, based on the self-reported experiences of 640 respondents. Another 22 percent weren’t working at all due to their Long COVID.
On This Page Meeting InformationEvent MaterialsDate: Time:Please note that due to the impact of this COVID-19 pandemic, all meeting participants will be joining this advisory committee meeting via an online teleconferencing platform. Materials for this meeting will be available at the Vaccines and Related Biological Products Advisory Committee meetings main page. The meeting will include slide presentations with audio components to allow the presentation of materials in a manner that most closely resembles an in-person advisory committee meeting. Webcast InformationCBER plans to provide a free of charge, live webcast of the Vaccines and Related Biological Products Advisory Committee meeting. A notice in the Federal Register about last minute modifications that impact a previously announced advisory committee meeting cannot always be published quickly enough to provide timely notice.
Exercise Releases Brain-Healthy ProteinPosted on June 28th, 2016 by Dr. Francis CollinsWe all know that exercise is important for a strong and healthy body. In mice, brain cells treated with the protein also exhibited molecular changes associated with the production of new neurons. The team set out to find proteins that muscle cells secrete during exercise that could be transported to the brain . Sure enough, the study showed a significant increase in blood cathepsin B levels with regular fitness training. And yet, compounds that elevate cathepsin B levels in mouse models of Alzheimer’s disease have been neuroprotective .
Study Finds No Benefit for Dietary SupplementsPosted on April 16th, 2019 by Dr. Francis CollinsCredit: iStock/Artfully79More than half of U.S. adults take dietary supplements . The researchers, led by Fang Fang Zhang, Tufts University, Boston, were intrigued that so many people take dietary supplements, despite questions about their health benefits. Just over half of participants reported use of dietary supplements in the previous 30 days. The researchers found the use of dietary supplements had no influence on mortality. For example, study participants who reported taking dietary supplements generally had a higher level of education and income.
This image offers a striking example of exactly what happens to cells in the human airway when this coronavirus infects them. This colorized scanning electron microscope (SEM) image shows SARS-CoV-2-infected human lung cells (purple) covered in hair-like cilia (blue). Emerging from the surface of those infected airway cells are many thousands of coronavirus particles (red). They first cultured cells from the lining of a human airway, then inoculated them with the virus. The image illustrates the astoundingly large number of viral particles that can be produced and released from infected human cells.
The physical manifestation of a memory, or engram, consists of clusters of brain cells active when a specific memory was formed. When a memory is recalled, the cells within an engram reactivate and turn on, to varying degrees, other neural circuits (e.g., sight, sound, smell, emotions) that were active when that memory was recorded. Using an innovative technology developed by other researchers, called optogenetics, Ramirez’s team then discovered it could shine light onto a collection of hippocampal neurons storing a specific memory and reactivate the sensation associated with the memory . Such maps will be invaluable in determining how stress affects memory, as well as what goes wrong in dementia and other devastating memory disorders. Ramirez S, Liu X, Lin PA, Suh J, Pignatelli M, Redondo RL, Ryan TJ, Tonegawa S. Science.
However, visiting bars and restaurants can increase you risk of getting and spreading COVID-19. If eating indoors, ventilation flow in restaurants and bars can cause droplets to spread at distances greater than 6 feet. 2 Poor ventilation can also increase risk as it may cause the virus to accumulate in the air. Poor ventilation can also increase risk as it may cause the virus to accumulate in the air. Check the restaurant or bar’s website and social media to see if you feel comfortable with their COVID-19 safety guidelines.
CDC has issued an order that requires face masks to be worn by all travelers while on public transportation (which includes all passengers and all personnel operating conveyances). A public transportation conveyance is any mode of transportation other than a private vehicle. Types of public transportation conveyances include airplanes, trains, subways, buses, taxis, ride-shares, ferries, ships, trolleys, and cable cars. People should wear masks that completely cover the mouth and nose and fits snugly against the sides of the face. A transportation hub is any location where people gather to await, board, or disembark public transportation.
According to a statement posted on its Facebook page, Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy called on people in Myanmar to resist the military coup. But Suu Kyi has publicly rejected accusations that the military waged a genocidal campaign against the Rohingya. Fears of a military coup have been simmering in the Southeast Asian nation since the military disputed the results of the November election. Read More: Meet Min Aung Hlaing, the Chief of Myanmar’s Notorious MilitaryWhat does the coup mean for Myanmar’s democratic reforms? It’s not the first coup in the country’s history; a 1962 coup brought the military to power.
There is a trust gap between Big Tech, the government and the population. To achieve Chinese levels of digital sophistication, while respecting democratic norms and free market liberties, we need a new relationship between Big Tech and its users. To begin with, citizens must be shown the potential benefits of sharing data and fuelling AI. The big data and machine learning has been shown to spot likely terrorist attacks before they happen. If Big Tech copied this business model we would give them not only more data, but higher quality (i.e.
On his first day in office, President Joe Biden sent an immigration bill to Congress filled with goals that are a far cry from the Trump Administration’s hardline policies. Along with proposals for a pathway to citizenship for undocumented immigrants who meet certain qualifications, Biden’s bill plans to address the deeper goal of addressing the root causes of migration, particularly from Central America. The bill would also establish centers throughout Central America for people to pursue refugee resettlement in either the U.S. or other countries. “[$4 billion] is an upgrade, and it will have significant consequences,” Ruiz tells TIME. López Obrador has worked with the U.S. and Canada on similar efforts made to address the root causes of migration in Central America, and in 2018 the U.S. backed Mexico by investing $5.8 billion.
At Wellness Axis we want to encourage habits of wellness, Increase awareness of factors and resources contributing to well-being, Inspire and empower individuals to take responsibility for their own health, and to support a sense of community. Wellness can be thought of as the quality or state of being in good health.