There are extensive social and cultural differences between African Americans, Afro-Caribbeans and African immigrants. Scientists discovered distinctions among the three different ethnic classifications for Black Americans and compared them with whites for all four heart disease risk factors studied: high blood pressure, diabetes, excess weight and smoking. Researchers also accounted for socioeconomic factors and found that African immigrants were more likely than Afro-Caribbeans, African Americans and white Americans to be college educated. Overall, African immigrants had significantly lower risk factors for heart disease risk compared with Black Americans and Afro-Caribbeans. For related coverage, read “Another Reason for African Americans to Quit Smoking Right Now” and “A Majority of African Americans Are Stricken With Hypertension by Age 55.”
After recently making headlines for his ongoing divorce battle, Dr. Dre, age 55, is in the news again. The hip-hop artist and producer was hospitalized January 4 for a brain aneurysm, reports NBC News. A brain aneurysm is a bulge, or ballooning, in a blood vessel in the brain that can leak or rupture, leading to bleeding in the brain, better known as a hemorrhagic stroke. It’s unknown whether Dre’s brain aneurysm did, in fact, rupture. “Send love and your prayers to the homie Dr. Dre,” tweeted Ice Cube, who, along with Dre, was a member of the rap group N.W.A.
In China, many watching the events in Washington D.C. immediately made comparisons to the violent occupation of Hong Kong’s legislature in mid-2019. Protests in Hong Kong, a special administrative region of China, began in June 2019 as a series of large-scale, peaceful demonstrations against an extradition bill that critics feared would be used by China as a weapon to silence dissenters. But the Global Times posted a side-by-side comparison of scenes of the Hong Kong protests and Trump protesters inside the Capitol building. Ann Chiang, a pro-Beijing lawmaker in Hong Kong posted a video of the turmoil in Washington D.C. on her Facebook page. The U.S. government has passed several pieces of legislation supporting the protest movement in Hong Kong, and the city has become a political flashpoint between China and the U.S.Get The Brief.
Fewer TV characters are HIV positive. In fact, in the 2020–2021 TV season, out of a total of 773 series regulars, only three characters were living with HIV—and all three were on the same show, FX’s Pose. This marks a “drastic decrease” from the previous year, which included nine characters with HIV, according to new study findings from GLAAD, an advocacy group that focuses on LGBTQ representation in the media. GLAAD’s “Where We Are on TV Report—2020” marks the 25th year the group has analyzed LGBTQ characters on television, including characters living with HIV. The site also offers an analysis by Raina Deerwater, an entertainment research associate at GLAAD, in a separate GLAAD blog post.
For the investigation, researchers looked at sperm epigenetics—the molecular processes that affect gene expression—in 13 men who fathered sons with autism and 13 who had children without the disorder. Researchers identified 805 different DNA methylation regions that could serve as epigenetic biomarkers associated with whether a man might father a child with autism. Researchers tested their theory by trying to pinpoint dads who did or did not reproduce children with autism based solely on their sperm samples. Skinner said further research of the biomarkers could also help scientists trace how epigenetic changes initially happened. “We found out years ago that environmental factors can alter the germline, the sperm or the egg, epigenetics,” Skinner said.
So she’s drafting a bill that would require cultural awareness training for the state’s health care professionals. In addition to an internal review, IU Health CEO Dennis Murphy said in a statement that outside experts will examine her complaints. She says Black women like Moore—even in her death—have been essential for speaking out on health disparities. “As Black women, we tend to really just continue to be disrespected, devalued, dismissed,” she says. How do we start living the life we deserve?”This story was produced by Side Effects Public Media, a news collaborative covering public health.
There is no advanced industrial democracy in the world more politically divided, or politically dysfunctional, than the United States today. The Capitol riot was not just years in the making, but decades. That has manifested itself both in politics—see redistricting and voter suppression schemes—as well as the violence we witnessed at the Capitol. Years in the making, these feelings of resentment hit a fever pitch in the Trump years, culminating in last week’s deadly riot. The same tech companies that power our modern world have also brought a revolution in our media consumption.
Some commentators have even begun to call for a new American war on terror in response to the Capitol riot, one aimed at President Trump’s more radical supporters on the right. “This might be a slight overstep,” she says, but for members of the mob that stormed the Capitol, President Trump “was that spiritual leader that bin Laden was for Al Qaeda. “When it comes to white supremacy,” she says, “it is a battle to prove that it is also terrorist violence.”The Capitol riot seems likely to change that, at least in the short term. “Constitutional boundaries have to be respected.”In the wake of the Capitol riot, there has been growing pressure on Congress to empower law enforcement in the fight against far-right extremism. The response to the Capitol riot reminds him of what happened after 9/11, at least in the way it forced the nation to recognize a threat and respond to it with force.
On January 21, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the first complete injectable HIV treatment regimen that does not require daily pills. They were randomly assigned to either stay on their current oral regimen or switch to Cabenuva injections after an oral lead-in. Reasons included greater convenience, having to think about HIV treatment only 12 times a year and not having pill bottles that could reveal their HIV status to others. Once-monthly Cabenuva for HIV treatment was first approved in Canada in March 2020. “Cabenuva once-monthly injections showed comparable efficacy to daily oral antiretroviral treatment in maintaining viral suppression—a first in the treatment paradigm.”Click here for full prescribing information for Cabenuva.
Researchers at Johns Hopkins University have found that people who engage in oral sex have an 80% higher risk of developing mouth and throat (oropharyngeal) cancers. The risk was particularly high for those who first had oral sex before age 18 and for those who had multiple oral sex partners. Like sexual intercourse, oral sex can transmit the human papillomavirus (HPV). According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, HPV infection is responsible for 70% of all oropharyngeal cancer cases. For more on how number of lifetime sexual partners affects health, read “People With 10-Plus Lifetime Sexual Partners More Likely to Develop Cancer.” And to learn more about how HPV vaccination can reduce oropharyngeal cancer risk, read “FDA Approves HPV Vaccine for Prevention of Oral Cancer.”
“We’ve learned again that democracy is precious, democracy is fragile,” Biden said. How Biden handles it will help determine his legacy. House Republicans pleaded for “unity” as they voted against impeaching Trump; to them, unity meant something closer to political impunity. When Biden calls for unity, he envisions bipartisan collaboration, a kind of peace through process. When Trump urged the crowd to march to the Capitol, Centolanza joined them.
President Joe Biden will continue to restrict travel to the U.S. from the U.K., Ireland and 26 countries in Europe, and will extend the ban to South Africa, to slow transmission of Covid-19, said a White House official familiar with the plan. The latest ban would prevent most non-U.S. citizens from entry if they have recently been in South Africa, where a new strain of the virus has been identified. The U.S. is warily viewing new coronavirus strains that have originated in South Africa and Brazil, as well as one recently identified in the U.K. that’s more transmissible and potentially more harmful. Reuters first reported the U.S. plan to ban travel from South Africa for most non-U.S. citizens, citing officials with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Everything you need to know about the global spread of COVID-19 Please enter a valid email address.
NIAID is hosting a virtual Workshop on Post-Acute Sequelae of COVID-19 on Dec. 3 through 4, 2020, to summarize existing knowledge on post-acute manifestations of COVID-19 and to identify key knowledge gaps. Workshop links will be sent closer to the date of the workshop. The first day will wrap up with a series of talks on post-acute sequelae of COVID-19 as reported to date in various focus areas. The second day will start with a talk on the intersection of social determinants of health and race/ethnicity on post-acute COVID-19 sequelae and the charge to the breakout groups, who will dive deeper to identify key knowledge gaps regarding the sequelae in various focus areas. The workshop will be on the Zoom platform; however, due to space restraints on Zoom, we will also videocast the meeting.
What’s more, they can do it without introducing any new and potentially disease-causing errors to the surrounding DNA sequence . The glitches occur in genes encoding an important enzyme complex responsible for the blood cells’ normal antimicrobial activity. In this case, it was a single typo in the gene sequence on the X chromosome. That’s because the guide RNA was truly specific enough to find and replace just the DNA sequence containing the single-letter typo. In fact, a clinical trial under way at NIH and other sites around the country is now testing a more-traditional approach to CGD gene therapy .
In Memory of Sam BernsPosted on January 12th, 2014 by Dr. Francis CollinsThis weekend, in a heartbreaking phone call from his parents, I learned of the death of Sam Berns, a courageous young man with Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome. Sam’s parents, Scott Berns and Leslie Gordon, both physicians, introduced me to Sam more than a decade ago. That fortuitous circumstance allowed the initiation of a clinical trial for progeria kids (including Sam), just four years after the discovery of the genetic cause. Sam was featured as the narrator of a recent television documentary, “Life According to Sam,” which premiered on HBO this fall, recounting the amazing story of this medical research adventure. In November 2011, he presented me with the “SAM” (Science And Medicine) award from the Progeria Research Foundation.
Exercise Releases Brain-Healthy ProteinPosted on June 28th, 2016 by Dr. Francis CollinsWe all know that exercise is important for a strong and healthy body. In mice, brain cells treated with the protein also exhibited molecular changes associated with the production of new neurons. The team set out to find proteins that muscle cells secrete during exercise that could be transported to the brain . Sure enough, the study showed a significant increase in blood cathepsin B levels with regular fitness training. And yet, compounds that elevate cathepsin B levels in mouse models of Alzheimer’s disease have been neuroprotective .
Genes, Blood Type Tied to Risk of Severe COVID-19Posted on June 18th, 2020 by Dr. Francis CollinsCaption: Micrograph of SARS-CoV-2 virus particles isolated from a patient. In contrast, people with blood type O appear to have about a 50 percent reduced risk of severe COVID-19. Their study included 1,980 people undergoing treatment for severe COVID-19 and respiratory failure at seven medical centers in Italy and Spain. The analysis identified two places that turned up significantly more often in the individuals with severe COVID-19 than in the healthy folks. The researchers did find evidence suggesting a relationship between blood type and COVID-19 risk.
HeLa Cells: A New Chapter in An Enduring StoryPosted on August 7th, 2013 by Dr. Francis CollinsOne of the first things a biomedical researcher learns is that it’s very hard to grow most human cells in the lab for an extended period. These “HeLa” cells had an amazing property not seen before: they could be grown continuously in laboratory conditions. That’s right, the HeLa cell lines were perpetual, everlasting, death-defying, or whatever other word you want to use to describe immortal. HeLa cells have been used to explore the complex processes involved in the growth, differentiation, and death of cells—processes that underlie a vast array of human diseases. Their generosity extends to the millions of people who have benefited, or will benefit in the future, from research using HeLa cells.
To scholars of the history of anti-Semitism and Holocaust history, however, the anti-Semitism on display was shocking, but not new. More than 75 years after the end of World War II, the Jan. 6 Capitol Hill attack became the latest reminder of how Nazi ideas still endure. What is the significance of the Jan. 6 insurrection on Capitol Hill as we approach International Holocaust Remembrance Day? This is why we need a Holocaust Remembrance Day because these battles are constantly being waged over and over again. They went off to [World War II] simply because Japan bombed us.
Care About FibroidsThis Washington, DC–based organization works to elevate uterine fibroids as a women’s health issue in hopes of driving change. The nonprofit also produces a community-oriented digital resource guide called Fibroids Health to empower women to advocate for themselves along their wellness journey. Its OWH Helpline (800-994-9662) offers women suffering from uterine fibroids a wealth of resources. USA Fibroid CentersSince many hysterectomies performed to treat fibroids are medically unnecessary, this national network specializes in the nonsurgical treatment of uterine fibroids. Patients are treated using uterine fibroid embolization (UFE), an approach approved by the Food and Drug Administration.
At Wellness Axis we want to encourage habits of wellness, Increase awareness of factors and resources contributing to well-being, Inspire and empower individuals to take responsibility for their own health, and to support a sense of community. Wellness can be thought of as the quality or state of being in good health.